"History teaches us that men and nations behave wisely once they have exhausted all other alternatives"

Abba Eban

Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs."

The Report of the U.N. Brundtland Commission, Our Common Future, 1987

"You never change things by fighting the existing reality. To change something, build a new model that makes the existing model obsolete."

Buckminster Fuller, philosopher, futurist and global thinker (1895 - 1983)



Waste management and energy


Prof. Kledi Xhaxhiu


Complete waste management today is a worldwide problem. In developed countries, a hierarchy of integrated waste treatment is followed, based on sound strategies, in which a significant part of waste is reduced, reused and recycled (3R), and what remains is followed by landfilling and incineration. In developing countries this process often leaves much to be desired, where waste is not only not used from the point of view of raw material and energy, but turns into a serious problem for the health of living creatures and a burden for the environment. Certainly the precursor steps of incineration are more efficient and lead to the conservation of reusable energy by preserving raw materials secondary to the manufacturing industry, today incineration or pyrolysis processes are also seen as an important aspect of converting waste into energy. In addition to developed countries that use incineration and pyrolysis in the last stage of the waste hierarchy, developing countries or even those with a small geographical reach see incineration as an adequate solution to the problem of waste disposal. However such processes require stronger transparencies and a direct link between government, scientists, civil society and public. The panel will discuss current trends in waste management and waste to energy in terms of feasibility, efficiency, legislation and policy making, future developments, scientific approaches and possible smart solutions.


Dr. Aleksandra Anić Vučinić
University of Zagreb, Geotechnical Faculty, Varaždin, Croatia
Aleksandra Anić Vučinić was born on December 19, 1970 in Hilversum, the Netherlands. In 1995, she graduated at the Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology, University of Zagreb, majoring in biochemical engineering, and was awarded the Rector's Award for the best student work in 1995. She obtained the title of Doctor of Science on April 10, 2008 by defending his doctoral dissertation on "Optimization of the technological process of wastewater treatment in constructed wetlands." Since 2011 she has been employed at the Faculty of Geotechnics, University of Zagreb, where she currently holds the position of Head of the Department of Environmental Engineering and holds a number of courses in undergraduate, graduate and doctoral studies in Environmental Engineering. She devoted her primary scientific research focus on waste management and the circular economy. She is the author and co-author of more than 100 scientific and professional papers. She has led and / or participated in a number of professional and scientific projects in the field of environmental protection and waste management. She participates in the establishment and implementation of special waste management systems at the state level. She is the president of the Croatian Association for Waste Management (HUGO), which is a member of the International Waste Management Association.
Prof. Besnik Baraj
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Tirana, Tirana, Albania
Prof. Jiří Jaromír Klemeš
Brno University of Technology - VUT Brno, Brno, Czech Republic
Co-Editor-in-Chief of Journal of Cleaner Production. The founder and President for 24 y of PRES (Process Integration for Energy Saving and Pollution Reduction) conferences. Chairperson of CAPE Working Party of EFCE, a member of WP on Process Intensification and of the EFCE Sustainability platform. He authored and co-authored more than 700 papers, h-index reaching 65. A number of books published by Elsevier, Woodhead, McGraw-Hill; Ashgate Publishing Cambridge; Springer; WILEY-VCH; Taylor & Francis). Several times Distinguished Visiting Professor at Universiti Teknologi Malaysia and University Technology Petronas, Malaysia; Xi’an Jiaotong University; South China University of Technology, Guangzhou and Tianjin University in China; University of Maribor, Slovenia; Brno University of Technology and the Russian Mendeleev University of Chemical Technology, Moscow. Doctor Honoris Causa of Kharkiv National University “Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute” in Ukraine, the University of Maribor in Slovenia, University POLITEHNICA Bucharest, Romania. “Honorary Doctor of Engineering Universiti Teknologi Malaysia”. Awarded with “Honorary Membership of Czech Society of Chemical Engineering", "European Federation of Chemical Engineering (EFCE) Life-Time Achievements Award" and "Pro Universitaire Pannonica" Gold Medal.
Prof. Ilirjan Malollari
University of Tirana, Tirana, Albania
Prof. Elda Marku
University of Tirana, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Tirana, Albania


Benchmarking the performance of cities across energy, water and environment systems
related metrics presents an opportunity to trigger policy learning, action, and cooperation to bring cities closer to sustainable development.